Real Possibilities For Interstellar Travel!

Real Possibilities For Interstellar Travel!

From special kinds of engines to new technologies
that’ll literally warp us across the galaxy, join me as I show you some real potential
interstellar travel possibilities. 7. How To Define Interstellar Travel
You might think that the term “interstellar travel” means a lot of different things depending
on your views of space and the various TV shows and movies that you’ve watched. Wikipedia defines it as such: “Interstellar
travel is the term used for crewed or uncrewed travel between stars or planetary systems.” Notice how they say “planetary systems” and
not traveling between the planets in our own solar system. Traveling from Earth to Mars, or even Earth
to Pluto (still a planet!) is considered interplanetary travel. Whereas Interstellar Travel is the process
of going beyond our own solar system, and doing it in a relatively easy amount of time. Which naturally brings us back to things like
TV shows and movies where various sci-fi franchises have had their own style of Interstellar Travel. Whether it was the Lightspeed Drives in Star
Wars, or the Warp Engines in Star Trek, they had ways to traverse massive star systems
in minutes, or hours at the most depending on distance. This is something that humanity is still aiming
to create, and right now…we’re a long ways away. But, we’re getting there, bit by bit. And do recall, at one point in time humanity
was restricted in how it could fly. Planes were once just massive hot air balloons,
and the idea of going to space on such a craft was ludicrous to say the least. So while we’re not there yet, there are tons
of industries and space entities trying to make these potential possibilities come true. 6. The Breakthrough Starshot
Believe it or not, one of the most likely candidates in regards to Interstellar Travel
was announced as being developed in 2016. It’s called the Breakthrough Starshot, and
it’s meant to use the Earth’s own atmosphere to help power flight to the nearest star systems
to Earth. How is that possible? Simple, we’re going to power up some sails. To be clear, this is NOT a manned mission
to the stars, it’s quite literally a one-way trip, but it’s an epic one considering how
they’re going to do it. According to the creator of the project, Yuri
Milner, he plans to put into the orbit of the Earth massive “light sails”, which you’ve
no doubt heard referenced in various sci-fi shows of certain kinds. Anyway, these sails are going to have special
chips attached to them, and then once they’re launched into orbit, they’re going to be blasted
by a laser that’ll power them up. The laser (which will be fired from Earth
which goes to show how powerful it’ll need to be in order to reach space) will charge
them up for two minutes, which is all they’ll need in order to travel about 1/5 of the speed
of light. To put that into a round number for you, that’s
about 60 million meters per second. So yeah, that’s pretty fast. So what’s the goal of these light sails? Well, much like the Voyager 1, it’s meant
to record data from the stars and planets that it passes. The team are so confident in these sails that
they’re planning to reach the Alpha Centauri system (which for the record is 4.3 light
years away) and will use a special camcorder on the sails to get images in high resolutions
and send them back to Earth (not unlike Voyager 1 and other probes and satellites) for us
to study. Now, if you’re wondering why these light sails
haven’t been launched yet…it’s because they’re not done. There’s still many advances that need to be
made before that becomes possible. HOWEVER, at present, the only limitations
are the technologies that we have right now. Meaning that we don’t need “sci-fi tech” to
make it work, we just have to make what we got better. And should this work in this phase, the technology
could be adapted to make it work with manned ships. It’s just a matter of time and technology. 5. The Energy Cost
When talking about Interstellar Travel, it’s important to note the things that are holding
us back as well as the things that could push us forward in the field. Without a doubt, the biggest thing that is
preventing us from making a reliable Interstellar Travel engine is energy. If you think about it, a spaceship isn’t much
different from a car. It has systems that make it run, and an engine
that needs fuel in order to run. The hardest things for the early Mercury and
Apollo missions was making sure that the engines that they built had enough power and speed
to break through the atmosphere, which needs a certain velocity. So now, imagine trying to make a spaceship
that is meant to go to other star systems, and potentially come back…all on one tank
of gas. Not the easiest thing to do. Which is why ideas like the Light Sails are
meant to be powered by other things other than raw fuel. Which may seem like an easy thing to swap,
but it isn’t, because it’s not just getting the energy, it’s using it in such a way that’ll
allow you to go faster. While we may not “need” to go the speed of
light to achieve Interstellar Travel, the faster we go, the more distances we’ll be
able to reach in the universe. But without the right amount of energy, that’s
not going to happen. And as the current Mars colony missions are
proving with their preparations, it’s hard enough to reach a planet that is technically
“right next to us”, let alone a planet or star in another solar system, or even another
galaxy! That’s not to say that there aren’t people
trying to fix this problem, there are. But it’s one of the biggest hurdles to make
it happen, so people have to get creative. Before we show you how creative though, be
sure to like the video and subscribe to the channel so that you can see all our weekly
videos! 4. The Bomb Option
That’s right, we’re going to launch bombs…in space! Sounds cool, huh? Believe it or not, there were many projects
that had this option being a real thing that could propel spaceships to where they needed
to go. It was part of the Orion Project if you want
to look it up. It may sound weird, but you need to think
of this less of the logical use of bombs like these in space, and instead thing of what
a bomb does when it detonates. In this case, a thermonuclear bomb. When it detonates, a massive amount of energy
is released, and a shockwave of incredible power and speed is released. It goes so fast you can’t see it with the
naked eye (check out Mythbusters high-speed camera shots of explosions if you do want
to see it though!). So what we’re basically be doing is riding
that shockwave. And every time we need to keep our momentum
going, we’d just drop another bomb behind us and let it explode, creating another shockwave
of momentum that we would ride. Scientists speculate that we could use this
kind of force to propel a spaceship to about 1/10th the speed of light. Which could get us to Alpha Centauri within
a century if we do it right. The other way to flip this around is that
instead of just dropping bombs behind us, we convert the thermonuclear reaction into
rockets. And just harness the raw explosive power of
the bombs to propel us forward. Which could achieve the same speeds, if not
greater. The only problem is that when it comes to
those kinds of explosions, they’re really, REALLY hard to contain. And even if we do the drop off and blow them
up option, we’d need to make sure that our spaceship could handle the forces exerted
while not throwing us off course, which could be a death sentence as this would be a one-way
trip via this option. That being said, this is an option that can
be used IN OUR LIFETIME if we do it right. Not that I’d want to be one of the people
testing out that option, but it is an option that we have. And it’s not the only real science option
that we have. 3. Antimatter Drives
This is another one of those ideas that have been touched upon in Sci-Fi series like Star
Trek, but in this case, it ain’t science fiction, it does work, we just haven’t found a way
to harness it correctly. Antimatter Drives are reactors that bring
together matter and antimatter, and when it does, the destruction they cause releases
a massive amount of energy. In fact, it converts the destruction into
100% release of rest energy (versus 1% for the nuclear option). And because of this, we wouldn’t need much
to go far. Even needing only 10 grams of antimatter just
to get to Mars! And the trip would only take a month instead
of years with what we have now. Which means that space travel could happen
very quickly within our solar system. So what’s stopping us from destroying matter
to get us to the stars and beyond? Well, the same thing that is preventing us
from using the bomb option: containment. If you thought containing a nuclear explosion
was hard, just wait until you try and contain an antimatter explosion. Have we done it before? Yes, actually we have. You recall the CERN Hadron Particle Accelerator? That’s one way we’ve done an antimatter explosion. The problem is that this device does not do
it efficiently, it takes a lot of time to make it happen, the collider is 21 kilometers
in length diameter wise, and most importantly…we’ve only done it with the smallest levels of antimatter. So trying to get that faster, more efficient,
make it fit into a starship AND not cost more than our planet is worth…is difficult to
say the least. However, not unlike the bomb option, it could
happen, we just need some key advances in technology. And it’s not just speeding up that needs some
advances…it’s also slowing down. 2. Slowing Us WAY Down
I want you to think about a racecar. You can do NASCAR or Formula 1, I don’t mind
either way. If you think about the speeds that these supercars
can go, it’s astonishing, but there’s a catch to this that has cost many people their lives. If you go fast, but you have no way of slowing
down, you’re going to crash, hit a wall, bump into another car, etc. When it comes to space travel, we honestly
haven’t really figured out how to slow down quickly. The missions to the moon never stopped at
the moon, they continued to orbit until the pickup was ready. The first moon mission only had Neil Armstrong
and Buzz Aldrin be on the moon itself for 2 and a half hours before resting and getting
up to their craft. While they were on the surface, astronaut
Michael Collins orbited the moon 30 times as he waited for them to come back up! Only after they were on board did they use
their engines to break out of the orbit. So now, imagine traveling at 1/10th or 1/5th
the speed of light to reach a certain place…and then having figure out how to stop. It’s not that easy. Scientists speculate that we could achieve
this similarly to how the Apollo astronauts did it with the moon, by finding a way to
orbit a nearby star or planet, but that has its own risks and difficulties. In short, while there are many options to
figure out how to make us go fast, if we can’t figure out how to slow down without injuring
the ship, the crew, and more, there’s no reason to even take off. Because on Earth or in space, no one wants
to crash. 1. Black Hole Drive
Oh yeah, we’re doing this. The idea of a Black Hole, or even a wormhole,
being the way for us to traverse the stars is hardly a knew concept. Wormholes were used in both Star Trek Deep
Space Nice to go from one sector of the galaxy to another, as well as in the Christopher
Nolan movie Interstellar. And there is a device out there that could
potentially harness the power of a Black Hole to make us able to travel beyond our solar
system. It’s called the Schwarzschild Kugelblitz. And no, I’m not saying that name again, I
almost bit my tongue saying it the first time. As you might expect, this Black Hole Engine
is powered by an artificial Black Hole. As finding one for us to contain naturally
would be problematic to say the least. What’s more, we don’t do this via the “usual
creation” of a Black Hole. Because in space, they’re created from dying
stars that have gravity that condense it so much that even light can’t escape. With this engine, we use light via a laser
to warp spacetime to fold in on itself and create a singularity. But, we’re not actually running off the power
of the Black Hole, but instead, via the Hawking Radiation that it emits. We would make a Black Hole that is literally
the perfect size that would emit this kind of radiation for years to come. And all we would have to do is make sure capture
enough of it to propel us forward. Doing that would make this the fastest option
of any of the ones we’ve outlined for manned ships. One problem. To make a Black Hole this perfect for us to
use wouldn’t just take precision, it would take a laser that is more powerful than the
black hole itself. Which would likely mean that it would take
a laser more powerful than the Death Star, many Death Stars more than likely. While it’s not impossible, it’s not probable
with what have right now. But again, all it takes is the right advancement
in technology and we could be flying around with a Black Hole fueling us. The Romulans would be proud. Thanks for watching everyone! What did you think of these insane Interstellar
Travel options? Which ones would you like us to make? Do you think we’ll be able to reach new star
systems in our lifetime? Let me know in the comments below, be sure
to subscribe, and I’ll see you next time on the channel!

25 thoughts on “Real Possibilities For Interstellar Travel!”

  • One sci fi show also had a star gate, which essentially was nothing but walking through a doorway. Also, it should be pointed out that many people, maybe even some viewers, confuse the terms interstellar and intergalactic. The former has already been explained, and the latter is travel to another galaxy, such as Andromeda, or the one "far, far away".
    Also, since meters per second is extremely difficult to imagine, since it's such a huge number, that converts to 1/5 of 186,282 miles per second, or 37,200 mps.
    Another, which wasn't mentioned, is the Star Wars version, i.e., hyperdrive, which is switching over to another dimension–fun to watch, but rather unlikely.

  • Damarys Dingui says:

    I still consider Pluto as a planet..
    And my mind will only take me to Interstellar Travel..
    Class dismissed.. Thank you for the science fiction class and I will see ya, next upload..😊💖😁

  • wait what antimater is a theory it is not yet found or am i missing something how is the colider an anti mater explosion ? ><

  • humanity is using wormhole in movie Interstellar and not black hole for interstellar travel. Worm holes are mathematical probable but for now we don't know if they exist in nature. If you teach kids, get fact straight. I can find in every video of yours at lest one wrong information. By the way… Pluto is not a planet, it is a dwarf planet. There are reasons why its called like that… look it up. Stop teaching public something you don't know. Traveling with black hole technology is impossible… Singularity is not black hole… and energy needed to create one is unrealistic for future to. Sci-fi engines are not real engines or possible engines for space travel. Why you didn't talk about teleportation and time travel if you like sci-fi so much.

  • alejandro perez says:

    We have to eliminate 3rd world mentallity first, then unite all the human power/wisdom, knowledge in a Focus láser misión to get to the statrs. When we get the way to eliminate the waste of human brain and squeeze all that waste power in an only misión, it Will be then when we'll start advancing more to the statrs. Meanwhile we have to watch people watching América Idol instead tutorials like these to open them mind, spirit and creativity. Cheers from Guatemala brothers…

  • There is only one solar system. We can’t travel to other solar systems but we can travel to different stellar systems. We live in THE Solar System. Because the name of our Star is Sol or Helios. So from the name Sol, we get Solar System.

  • I wont be around to see it, most likely, but our great-grandchildren will one day laugh at how primitive we were in our scientific understanding "back" in the early 21st.

  • We won't be using any kind of resource requirement drive system. Only an idiot would do that. The most likely drive is gravity based. Think flying like a comet. Just maybe faster and going further. We have a long long long ways to go.

  • Fart drive. lol. think of the power of this. The shear thrust force involved. I mean, when you let one rip. Ya, ok we make space flamable in the process but the funny thing is that in space all you need is thrust force. Here ya go. I give the no natural resource required …. "man made" Fart drive. And yes.. i had a total blast thinking this up.

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